A Clause is representing as related word consisting a subject and a predicate.

For Example: Aslam Cried,

Clause can be a single independent senctence or or itself which both has subject and predicate,

e.g. I will meet him in office.

In above sentence the clause is “i will meet him” because it has subject I. and predicate is “will meet him”, on the other hand, we say, the remaining part of the sentence lacks predicate and subject ,that group of words is known as phrase.


  1. Aslam and Ali are laughing at the joker.             ( one clause )
  2. Muskan is haapy because she won a prize          ( two clause)
  3. I am eating mangoes, because i like very much. ( two clause )

Types Of Clause :

There are four types of clause that are, main[ or independent ], subordinate [ or dependent ], relative [ or Adjective ] and noun.Every clause should have atleast one subject and verb. Other properties can vary on the basis of types. Now we will discuss each the clause type:

Main Clause:

Every Main Clause follow the following pattern  Subject + Verb = complete thought  , here are some examples.

  • Fresh mangoes are Eaten.  ( subject = Fresh , verb = eaten ).
  • Alex loves pizza crusts. ( subject = Alex , verb = “Loves” ).
  • John Plays football ( subject = John , verb = plays ).

Here it is very important to note that every sentence must have atleast one main clause, otherwise, there will be error in sentence.

Subordinate Clause:

A subordinate clause follows the following pattern ,

Subordinate Conjunction + Subject + Verb = Incomplete Sentence , Here are examples,

  • Whenever students whine. ( subordinate conjunction = Whenever , subject = students , verb = whine )
  • because Ali likes Akbar. ( subordinate conjunction = beacause , subject = Ali , verb = likes )
  • but John can play football. (  subordinate conjunction = but , subject = John , verb = play )

Now the important point about the subordinate clause is that they can never stand alone like a complete sentence.

Relative Clause:

A relative clause will begin with a relative pronoun ( such as who, whom, whose, which, or that ) or relative adverb ( such as when , where and why ).The structure of Relative Clause Look like this.

Relative Pronoun Or Adverb + Subject + Verb = Incomplete Thought

Relative Pronoun as Subject + Subject = Incomplete Thought

Here are some examples:

  • Which Mrs. Russel hit in the head with a chalk eraser . ( Relative Pronoun = which , Subject = Mrs. Russel , Verb = hit )
  • Where Aslam chews and drools with great enthusiasm. ( Relative Adverb = where , Subject = Aslam , Verb = chews, drools )
  • Who loves pizza crusts. ( Relative Pronoun = who, Verb = loves)

Like subordinate clauses, relative clauses can not stand alone as complete sentence, you must connect them with the main clause to make them complete thought.

Noun Clause:

Any Clause that functions like nouns becomes a noun clause, Look the following example,

Ahsan really do not want to know  the ingredients in aunt Nancy’s Stew.

Ingredients = Noun

now if we replace the noun ingredients with a clause, we will have a noun clause,

Ahsan really do not want to know what Aunt Nancy Add to  her stew.

what Aunt Nancy Add to  her stew = Noun Clause.

So, these are the types of Clause , each has its own properties and used heavilly in English Language.


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